Some of the world's most celebrated wines, such as Romanée-Conti or Puligny-Montrachet, are produced in Burgundy.
White wines are made using Chardonnay grapes, while red wines are produced using Pinot Noir grapes. When classifying
the wines, particular attention is paid to their terroir, i.e. the geography, geology and climate in which the
vineyard is located. The best sort of terroir is called Grand Cru, followed by Premier Cru and the Villages wines.
The vineyards of Burgundy are generally positioned on southward-facing slopes at altitudes of between 150 metres and 400 metres.
The majority of the ground consists of Jurassic limestone. The characteristics of each wine are determined by erosion as well as
the gradient and microclimate of the respective vineyard. Grands Crus are found only in two of Burgundy's six wine regions:
Côte-de-Nuits (between Dijon and Beaune), for example, features the Grands Crus:
- Clos de Vougeot
- Grand Échezeaux